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Tomb of Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochai

The white-domed roof of the tomb of Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai, author of the seminal kabalistic work, the Zohar, is located on Mount Meron near Safed

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On mount Meron in the heart of the higher Galilee, is the burial site of Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochai, one of the most important figures of Kabala (Jewish mysticism). Following the spiritual and political footsteps of his rabbi, Rabbi Akiva, Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochai opposed the Romans and hid away from them in the cave of Peki'in. For 13 years he and his son were isolated from the world and devoted themselves to the study of the secrets of Judaism. According to Jewish tradition, Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochai wrote these mystical ideas in the book called "The Zohar" which means the Radiance. According to the Zohar Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochai passed away on "Lag ba-Omer" (27 days after Passover) and was buried at mount Meron. The white dome and the core of the building over the graves of Rabbi Shimon and his son were built in the 16'Th century by Rabbi Galanti, who followed the advice of Rabbi Isaac Luria. The Kabbalist of Safed in the 16'th Century were also the ones who started celebrating on Lag ba-Omer the gift of knowledge that Rabbi Shimon Bar Yochai left the world. Until this day it is a huge celebration with no parallel in Israel.

Not far from the building in the open area, is the traditional burial cave of Hillel and his disciples and north-west of the parking lot, a trail goes up to relics of a synagogue from the 4'th century.



 

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